Over the past few decades, Ghana has made very laudable efforts in advancing access to education at all levels. Data by the World Bank pegged the country’s youth literacy rate at 92.49 percent in 2018 up from 71 percent in the year 2000 while enrollment rates had also experienced significant increases at both the primary and secondary school levels, projected at 86.16 and 64.6 percent respectively as at 2019.
Education in Ghana is in three legs. These include basic education which comprises, the kindergarten, primary school and lower secondary school, then the secondary education comprising upper secondary school, vocational and technical education and tertiary education encompassing the universities, polytechnics and colleges.
The formulation of policies for the sector is a prerogative for the Ministry of Education while the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for implementation of the policies. The sector is run by both public and Private institutions with the sole aim of providing quality education at all levels for the growing population in conformity with the Ghana education Act 778.
Education remains a priority for the government of Ghana as it seeks to churn out well qualified human resources to take advantage of opportunities in the growing economy. To this end government has initiated a number of reforms towards improving access to education and learning outcomes. Top of the reforms is the Free Senior High School policy launched in 2017 to ensure that the vast majority of Ghanaian children can have access to education up to the secondary level. This came along with a new national curriculum, an improved teacher training program and a much recent online educational platform icampusgh.com in March 2020 to host, stream, and share short videos of minilectures to classrooms or offices around the country.
Capital injection into the sector continues to see a steady increase with government allocating some GHC13.4 billion to the sector in the 2020 budget towards supporting the Free SHS policy and funding the construction of school structures nationwide. Likewise, Development Partners budgetary allocation to the Ministry is expected to increase significantly from GHC 299 million to GHC 911 million in 2020 representing a 204 percent increase.
Against this backdrop and governments overwhelming commitment towards reforming the educational sector, great opportunity lies in for private sector investments to help government meet the infrastructure and educational resource needs of the population. Also, the launch of the online educational platform signals the advancement of e-learning solutions to beef up coverage and access to education in the country. Although in its early stages, e- learning solution should be one attractive area for potential investors in Ghana’s education sector.